In Bliżyn on this day, 23 November 1948, at 9:00 AM, I, Officer Kwiecień from the Citizens’ Militia station in Bliżyn, acting in accordance with the instructions of Citizen Deputy Prosecutor of the Regional Prosecutor’s Office of the District Court in Radom, dated 25 August 1948, L. 825/48/2 issued on the basis of Article 20 of the provisions introducing the Code of Criminal Procedure, with the participation of the witnesses’ reporter Stefan Baran from the Citizens’ Militia station in Bliżyn, whom I informed about his obligation to attest by his own signature to the conformity of the Protocol with the actual course of the procedure, interviewed the person named below as a witness. Having been advised of the significance of the oath, the right to refuse to testify for reasons specified in Article 104 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, and of the criminal liability for making false declarations in accordance with Article 140 of the Penal Code, the witness was sworn and testified as follows:
|Name and surname||Antoni Łukasiewicz|
|Parents’ names||Aleksander and Marianna|
|Place of birth||Zawichost, Sandomierz district|
|Religious affiliation||Roman Catholic|
|Place of residence||Bliżyn, Bliżyn commune, Kielce district|
|Relationship to the parties||none|
Regarding the present case, I am aware of the following facts. From the beginning until the end of the German occupation, I was in Bliżyn, and I know that in 1941 a detention camp for Russian POWs was established and that it operated till 1942. Over the course of [the existence of] this camp, about 7,000 Soviet POWs were detained there, 6,500 of whom (at the very least) were murdered by the Gestapo, German police, and their crew, which consisted of German “Ukrainians”. They were murdered through starvation; by having [intentionally placed] contaminants in their food such as grass, various leaves, and weeds; as well as through overt beating and abuse.
And in 1942, a detention camp for Jews and Poles was established, which lasted until 1944, and during that time people were murdered through severe beating and food restrictions. Because of this, a large number of people suffered from typhus and other diseases, so that an indefinite number of Jews and Poles were murdered through these diseases and beatings. The average number of people living in the camp was around 4,000.
The report was concluded and read out.