Rytwiany, 22 September 1948, 8.30 a.m. I, Militia Officer Wacław Niezgoda from the Citizens’ Militia Station in Rytwiany, acting pursuant to the instructions by the Vice-Prosecutor of the Radom District Court Prosecutor’s Office of 25 August 1948, L 774/48/2, issued based on Article 20 of the provisions introducing the Code of Criminal Procedure, Article 257 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, due to the unavailability of a judge in the township, in consequence whereof any delay could result in the disappearance of traces or evidence of a crime, which traces or evidence might cease to exist before the arrival of a judge, observing the formal requirements set forward in Articles 235–240, 258 and 259 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, with the participation of reporter Tadeusz Ciepliński from the local Citizens’ Militia Station, who was advised of the obligation to confirm with his signature the consistency of the report with the course of the proceedings, interviewed the person mentioned hereunder as a witness. Having been advised of the significance of the oath, of the right to refuse testimony for the reasons stated in Article 104 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, and of the liability for making false declarations pursuant to Article 140 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, the witness was sworn in as required and testified as follows:

Name and surname Ignacy Kalina

Parents’ names Jan and Rozalia, née Hawrylak
Date and place of birth 31 July 1900, Rytwiany, Sandomierz District
Religious affiliation Roman Catholic
Occupation farmer
Place of residence Rytwiany, Rytwiany Commune, Sandomierz District

As regards the present case, I am aware of the following facts: In spring 1943, eight residents of Rytwiany and 22 Polish citizens of Jewish descent were shot dead by German gendarmes.

I do not know what the Jews were called. They were executed by shooting in the Trzybek Forest, Rytwiany Commune. The eight people who lived in Rytwiany and were shot were:

1. Stefan Kaczanowski, aged 35, born in Rytwiany, laborer, executed in Staszów,
2. Stefan Dorosiński, born in Rytwiany, aged 30, farmer, executed near Raków,
3. Tomasz Kruk, born in Rytwiany, aged 34, laborer, executed in a forest in Rytwiany,
4. Kazimierz Kępa, born on 1 January 1901 in Rytwiany, executed in Rytwiany,
5. Marcin Kamiński, born on 1 November 1907, laborer, executed in Opatów,
6. Feliks Kawalec, born on 20 November 1923, laborer, executed near Raków, Opatów District,
7. Wacław Brzeziński, born on 11 February 1909 in Rytwiany, laborer, executed in Opatów,
8. Stefan Jaroń, born on 7 March 1904 in Rytwiany, laborer, executed in Sielec, Busko-Zdrój District,
9. Jan Grochulski, born on 13 July 1908, residing in Rytwiany, laborer, executed in Golejów, Rytwiany Commune,

10. Jan Kalina, born in Rytwiany, aged 82, laborer, executed in Rytwiany, Rytwiany Commune, Sandomierz District.

The names of the Germans that took part in the execution of these Poles are unknown. I testified everything I know.

At this point, the report was concluded, read out, and signed.