On 28 November 1947 in Radoszyce, the District Commission for the Investigation of German Crimes in Radom, represented by Deputy Prosecutor of the District Court and member of the Commisssion T. Skulimowski, interviewed the person specified below as an unsworn witness. Having been advised of the criminal liability for making false declarations and of the provisions of Article 107 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, the witness testified as follows:

Name and surname Adam Stępień
Age 51
Parents’ names Józef and Anna, née Pietras
Place of residence Niekłań Mały, Odrowąż commune
Occupation functionary of the militia
Religious affiliation Roman Catholic
Criminal record none
Relationship to the parties none

In October 1944, the unit of Polish partisans of the Kielce Region, 1st Brigade of the People’s Army, led by Major “Zygmunt”, was stationed in the village of Gruszka, commune of Radoszyce. I was a member of this unit – I used the nom de guerre “Mały” [Little]. Around that time, in the morning, the Germans surrounded the village of Gruszka, where we were stationed. A battle ensued, but we managed to break their cordon and withdraw into a nearby forest which was located about 500 meters away from the village. There we dispersed into smaller groups. Several hours later we heard screams and saw fire. The village of Gruszka was burning. We also heard some individual shots and series of shots. There were so few of us that we couldn’t help the civilians because the Germans outnumbered us. Our supervisor ordered us to individually depart to our homes and hiding places, and that’s what we did. Later I learned that the Germans burnt down these four villages where our units had been stationed in retaliation. They killed a lot of people. I don’t know the names of the other three villages. During the battle with the Germans we suffered the following losses: 14 people were killed and about 30 were wounded.

The report was read out.