On 31 March 1947, in Pińczów, in my notary office, [I], Judge Michał Gallewicz heard the person named below as an unsworn witness. Having been advised of the criminal liability for making false declarations and of the wording of Article 107 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, the witness testified as follows:
|Name and surname||Stanisław Stańczyk|
|Parents’ names||Jan and Józefa|
|Place of residence||Pińczów|
|Religious affiliation||Roman Catholic|
Until 1944, I lived in our native village of Złota, then I had to hide somewhere else, away from my [illegible], because the Gestapo had asked about me several times. Until 1944, the German military police took Jan Koral from Złota, who belonged to the underground, and later [illegible] resident of the village of Jurków – Jaciński belonged to the underground, and was also an instructor [illegible]. The two were executed by the Germans. It is not known where Jan Koral was shot, and his family does not know either.
When I left the village of Złota in September 1944, mass executions were carried out in the area of the Złota commune, meaning that a pacification took place in the village of Złota and the surrounding area. One day, in the morning, they took: Daniel Krawczyk, from the village of Niegosławice; Stefan Kumioł [?], from Złota; Bronisław Wielko, from Złota; Jan Rzepa, from Złota; Tadeusz Kozera, from Złota; Andrzej Czubała, from the village of Olbrych, Złota commune; Stanisław Kobus, from the village of Graby, Złota commune; Stanisław Kędra, from Złota – deliberately, to stage his guilt, although [in reality] he was a German confidante, and from the village of Biskupice, Złota commune; [and] Odrobina, I don’t know the first name. Tadeusz Kozera was cuffed and taken away in an unknown direction; we don’t know what happened to him and there is still no news of him. Odrobina was shot on the spot in the forest; he rests at the cemetery in Pełczyska. The others mentioned above were placed in the basement in the courtyard of Złota [?], that’s where they were imprisoned, even Kędra, so they would say more about those compatriots; then, after two days of the torture of everyone, including Kędra, [they were] shot in the Złota [?] forest, in a so-called tiger pit. After passing the front of the Russian troops, the bodies of the executed, buried in various places, were moved by the families and buried at the cemetery in Pełczyska.
There were many executions in the Złota [?] forest of people coming from other places, but the Germans masked the graves and it is difficult to find them. Until now, near my field, covered with earth, lies a dead body of a man or a partisan, no one knows – in any case a Pole. Nobody has shown up for it, even the foxes dug up the corpse, but I covered the decomposing body with earth again; it can be taken away at any time.
The second such grave of an unknown man, like in my field in the village of Złota, is located in the village of Nowe Stawiszyce, Złota commune, in the field near the highroad – the mayor or perhaps the neighboring farmers (Podroza and Blacha from Nowe Stawiszyce) can tell you.
In Złota there is the grave of a Russian soldier who died during the campaign in January 1945, i.e., in battle. This grave is located near the station, opposite the elementary school, near the wall enclosing the former manor garden, [which is] now the schoolyard.
In 1943, before the mentioned pacification, at the end of May, the Germans, while driving on the road in a car and carts, shot through the fields with a machine gun during the day. Those killed in the field were: one older woman, her daughter and granddaughter, and then when the grandson started crying, he was also shot – the family’s name was Wasik. In the fields of this village of Nieprowice, Złota commune, a visitor from Sosnowiec, who was hiding in Nieprowice, was killed – [his surname was] Wypych, [but] I don’t know his first name. On the same day, some man named Walocha was taken from Nieprowice by the military police; I don’t know what happened to him. The families of the people shot in a field and in the meadow took the bodies and buried them at the cemetery in Chrobry. The Germans let off a series of shots in the field and meadow for no reason, just for fun.
In the autumn of 1943, a member of the underground, while resting on the way, as he was going to another area with a report, was shot in a flat with a series of bullets from a machine gun, [shot] from the outside. The light was on in the flat. Marceli Czubala was killed. This was in the village of Swoszowice, Czarnocin commune. Then, when the lights went out, the underground members responded with shots, and as a result, there was another person seriously wounded in this house. One of the members of the underground who was killed, after being excavated, was buried in the cemetery. The Germans took the seriously wounded man with them and murdered him.
Before I left Złota, I don’t remember the date, they were taken to the camp: Wojciech Nakoński, from Pełczyska; Smaczyński, I think; Stefan, from Olbrych; Batug, I think; Józef, from Złota; [and] Stefan Pałan, from Złota. They perished in the camp.
The report was read out.