On this day, 5 July 1948, in Radom, B. Papiewski [?], Investigating Judge of the District Court in Radom with headquarters in Radom, with the participation of trainee reporter [illegible], interviewed the person named below as an unsworn witness. Having been advised of the criminal liability for making false declarations, the witness testified as follows:
|Name and surname||Maria Nadel|
|Parents’ names||Herman and Salomea née Kołkoniewicz [?]|
|Place of residence||Radom, 22a Traugutta Street|
|Occupation||unemployed (correspondent by profession)|
During the liquidation of the ghetto in Radom, Blum (Böttcher’s deputy), was seen and he [illegible] led the entire action – I mean the second liquidation that took place on 16 August 1942. On that day, I saw Blum walking in the square in the ghetto, and also at the station where he watched Jews being loaded into cars, but I do not recall whether Böttcher was present. The lower [rank] officer of the German guard used to say that these killings and the liquidation of the ghetto was all happening on the orders of Böttcher as commander of the SS and Police in the former district of Radom.
I remember a case when one day in the summer of 1942, Böttcher came, accompanied by Blum, to inspect the ghetto at Szwarlikowska Street. He noticed strawberries in a basket in the window of the room in which Abramowicz [illegible] lived [illegible]. Surprised, he exclaimed: “What is that? Strawberries? And we do not have them!” The next day the “Ukrainians” came and shot Abramowicz dead.
The second incident occurred in late 1942 or in 1943. In the peat bog area in the Old Town Square, where I worked in the office, Böttcher came, and after the inspection he instructed Rottenführer Buchmajer [?] to detain in the ghetto those who did not come to work. Buchmajer [?] went by motorcycle to the Jewish command and repeated the order. As a result, six Jews were detained in the ghetto and were shot dead by “Ukrainians”, after being kept in a cell for several hours. Of course, the Ukrainians arrived by order of Böttcher. When I asked Buchmajer [?] about [it], he excused himself, saying: “These Ukrainians were sent by Böttcher, it’s not my fault”. In principle, failure to report to work was punished by detention in the cells or transfer to another camp, however, no one ever imagined that these people would be sentenced to death.
In general, the ghetto residents knew that each visit of Böttcher meant some bloody violence would occur, because normally after such a visit there was deportation or execution. By the way, Böttcher was too highly-ranked to do any shooting himself; he just gave the orders.
The report was read out.